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category:/精読・精聴練習

■課題英文■

今週の「英語の構造を読む」課題は
Students' Writing and the Web: Motivator or OMG?
より転載しました。

音声はコチラ

■学習法■

英語を頭から理解する方法がわからない方は、
英語の構造の読み方を参考に。

学習法は
長文の読み方を参考にして下さい。

Students' Writing and the Web: Motivator or OMG?

Web browsers first appeared on computers in the early nineteen nineties.
Since then, the Internet has greatly changed the way people communicate.
But some teachers think the changes are not all for the better.

Eleanor Johnson is an English professor at Columbia University in New York.

ELEANOR JOHNSON:
"I think that text messaging has made students believe
that it's far more acceptable than it actually is
to just make screamingly atrocious spelling and grammatical errors."

She says her students over the past several years
have increasingly used less formal English in their writing.
She says words and phrases like "guy" and "you know"
now appear in research papers.

And she now has to talk about another problem in class, she says
-- incorrect word use.
For example, a student says "preclude" instead of "precede"
when talking about one event coming before another.
It sounds like precede but it means prevent.

Professor Johnson suspects a strong link
between the rise of instant and casual communication online
and an increase in writing mistakes.
But she admits there may not be much scientific evidence, at least not yet.

David Crystal is a British linguist who has written more than one hundred books,
including the book "Language and the Internet."
He says the actively changing nature of the Internet makes it difficult
to stay current in studying its effects.
But he believes its influence on language is small.

DAVID CRYSTAL:
"The main effect of the Internet on language has been to increase
the expressive richness of language,
providing the language with a new set of communicative dimensions
that haven't existed in the past."

Erin Jansen is founder of Netlingo,
an online dictionary of Internet and text messaging terms.
She says the new technology has not changed existing language
but has greatly added to the vocabulary.
"Basically it's a freedom of expression," she says.

And what about teachers who find these new kinds of mistakes
in spelling and grammar in their students' work.
What is her message to them?

ERIN JANSEN:
"I always advocate, don't get angry or upset about that, get creative.
If it's helping the kids write more or communicate more in their first draft,
that's great.
That's what teachers and educators want,
is to get kids communicating."

But Erin Jansen and David Crystal agree with Eleanor Johnson
on at least one thing.
Teachers need to make sure students understand
the uses and rules of language.



■スラッシュ解答■

Students' Writing and the Web:/ Motivator or OMG?/

Web browsers/ first appeared/ on computers/ in the early nineteen nineties.//
Since then,/ the Internet/ has greatly changed/ the way/
{[in which]/ people/ communicate}.//
But/ some teachers/ think/ {[that]/ the changes/ are/ not all/ for the better}.//

Eleanor Johnson/ is/ an English professor/ at Columbia University/ in New York.//

ELEANOR JOHNSON:/
"I/ think/ {that/ text messaging/ has made/ students/ believe/
{that/ it/'s/ far more acceptable/ {than it/ actually is/}
to just make/ screamingly atrocious spelling and grammatical errors."//

She/ says/ {[that]/ her students/ over the past several years/
have increasingly used/ less formal English/ in their writing}.//
She/ says/ {[that]/ words and phrases/ like "guy" and "you know"/
now appear/ in research papers}.//

And/ {she/ now has to talk/ about another problem/ in class,} she/ says/
-- (incorrect word use).
For example,/ a student/ says/ "preclude"/ instead of "precede"/
{when/ talking/ (about one event/ coming/ before another).
It/ sounds/ like precede/ but/ it/ means/ prevent.//

Professor Johnson/ suspects/ a strong link/
(between (the rise of/ instant and casual communication/ online)
and (an increase/ in writing mistakes)).
But/ she/ admits/ {[that] there/ may not be/ much scientific evidence,/
at least/ not yet}.//

David Crystal/ is/ a British linguist/ {who/ has written/ more than one hundred books,/
including/ the book "Language and the Internet."}//
He/ says/ {[that]/ the actively changing nature/ of the Internet/ makes/ it/ difficult/
to stay/ current/ in studying/ its effects}.//
But/ he/ believes {[that]/ its influence/ on language/ is/ small}.//

DAVID CRYSTAL:
"(The main effect/ of the Internet/ on language/) has been to increase/
the expressive richness/ of language,/
providing/ the language/ with a new set of communicative dimensions/
{that/ haven't existed/ in the past}."//

Erin Jansen/ is/ founder/ of Netlingo,/
an online dictionary/ of Internet and text messaging terms.//
She/ says/ {[that]/ the new technology/ has not changed/ existing language/
but/ has greatly added/ to the vocabulary}.//
"Basically/ it/'s/ a freedom of expression,/" she/ says.//

And/ what/ about teachers/ {who/ find/ these new kinds of mistakes/
in spelling and grammar/ in their students' work.}
What/ is/ her message/ to them?//

ERIN JANSEN:
"I/ always advocate,/ don't get/ angry or upset/ about that,/ get/ creative.//
{If/ it/'s/ helping/ the kids/ write more or/ communicate more/ in their first draft,/
that/'s/ great.//
That/'s {what/ teachers and educators/ want/,} [that] is/ to get/ kids/ communicating."//

But/ Erin Jansen and David Crystal/ agree/ with Eleanor Johnson/
on at least one thing.//
Teachers/ need to make/ sure/ students/ understand/
the uses and rules/ of language.//



■あとがき■

今週は重要単語に難しい語が無いので、そのままスラッシュ解答にしました。幾つか知らない単語があると思いますが、それがわからなくても全体像を掴むのは可能だと思います。

日本語訳は、水曜日にお送りします。
応援お願いします→英語学習ランキング | にほんブログ村

2010-02-01

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