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Google中国より撤退の可能性

media,genre:VOAニュース/経済/
category:/精読・精聴練習

■課題英文■

今週の「英語の構造を読む」課題は
Google May Leave Fast-Growing China
より転載しました。

音声はコチラ

■学習法■

英語を頭から理解する方法がわからない方は、
英語の構造の読み方を参考に。

今回は、新企画、記事丸ごと精読します。

精読、つまり意味をしっかり理解して読むことですが、それは決して「意味
のわからない単語を辞書を引きながら読む。」という意味ではありません。

英単語リストを参考に、まずはスラッシュを入れながら辞書を全く使わずに
読んでみましょう。意味のわからない単語をまずは「推測してみる」事も
大切です。

意図的に難解と思われる単語や熟語の意味を英単語リストから外してありま
す。記事の内容は日本のニュースでも取り上げられていましたから、ご存知
の方も多いでしょう。予備知識も活用しながら読み進めるためですので、
まずは辞書を使わずに読むようにして下さい。

水曜日はキーワードやキーセンテンスの部分訳を含んだ英文をお送りします。
それまでに、3回ぐらい読・聞くようにして概略を把握しておいて下さい。

全日本語訳は金曜日にお送りします。

Google May Leave Fast-Growing China

China says it has passed Germany and become the world's top exporter.
Exports totaled more than one trillion dollars last year.
That was down from 2008, but about thirty billion more than Germany.

China's influence in the world has increased with its fast-growing economy.
The United States remains the largest economy.
China is third and gaining on Japan.

Manufacturing has expanded, fueling exports.
But China has not imported as much as its trade partners would like.
Its policies about valuing its currency
and its human rights record have also created tensions.

And now there is a new dispute.
China is the world's largest Internet market, but Google says it may leave.
The company said it was targeted last month
by a major Internet attack launched from China.

It says "intellectual property" was stolen
and the attackers sought access to Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists.
At least twenty other large companies in different industries were also targeted.

Also, the company said it is no longer willing to censor search results
as required by Chinese law.
Google says it is still observing censorship laws,
but it will hold talks with the government in the coming weeks.

Google.cn launched four years ago this month.
Google is estimated to have
around a thirty percent share of the search market in China.
But that is only about half the share of the Chinese search engine Baidu.
Baidu also reported an attack on its Web site earlier this week.

Online advertising sales in China are estimated
to bring Google only a few hundred million dollars a year.
Not much for such a big company,
notes business expert Fariborz Ghadar at Penn State University.

FARIBORZ GHADAR:
"Google has to make a decision
whether they want to basically deviate from their vision mission statement
that they 'do no harm' and stay in China.
Or whether they have just had enough
and they don't like the restrictions,
and they don't like the cyber attacks,
and they're going to move out so as to preserve their name and brand."

Online activity in China is closely watched
and the government tries to limit access to many sites, including VOA.

On Thursday a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said "China's Internet is open"
and that Chinese law bars cyber attacks.
Another government official said
China itself is the victim of a growing number of foreign attacks.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said
she would like an explanation from the Chinese about Google's accusations.
She is giving a speech next week about Internet freedom.



■英単語■

export: 輸出(する)
manufacturing:製造(業)
expand: 拡大する
import: 輸入(する)
censor:検閲する
observe:順守する
hold: 保留する
mission statement: 社是, 綱領
preserve:維持する



■スラッシュ解答■

Google/ May Leave/ Fast-Growing China//

China/ says/ {it/ has passed/ Germany/ and become/ the world's top exporter}.//
Exports/ totaled/ more than one trillion dollars/ last year.//
That/ was/ down/ from 2008,/ but/ about thirty billion more/ than Germany.//

China's influence/ in the world/ has increased/ with its fast-growing economy.//
The United States/ remains/ the largest economy.//
China/ is/ third/ and gaining/ on Japan.//

Manufacturing/ has expanded,/ fueling/ exports.//
But/ China/ has not imported/ as much/ {as/ its trade partners/ would like}.//
Its policies/ about valuing/ its currency/
and its human rights record/ have also created/ tensions.//

And/ now/ there/ is/ a new dispute.//
China/ is/ the world's largest Internet market,/
but/ Google/ says/ {it/ may leave}.
The company/ said/
{it/ was targeted/ last month/
by (a major Internet attack/ launched/ from China)}.//

It/ says/ {"intellectual property"/ was stolen/
and/ the attackers/ sought/ access/
to (Gmail accounts/ of Chinese human rights activists)}.//
At least/ twenty other large companies/ in different industries/ were also targeted.//

Also,/ the company/ said/ {it/ is no longer willing/ to censor/ search results/
(as required/ by Chinese law)}.//
Google/ says/ {it/ is still observing/ censorship laws,/
but/ it/ will hold/ talks/ with the government/ in the coming weeks.//

Google.cn/ launched/ four years ago/ this month.//
Google/ is estimated/ to have/
around a thirty percent share/ of the search market/ in China.//
But/ that/ is/ only about half the share/ of the Chinese search engine Baidu.//
Baidu/ also reported/ an attack/ on its Web site/ earlier this week.//

Online advertising sales/ in China/ are estimated/
to bring/ Google/ only a few hundred million dollars/ a year.//
Not much/ for such a big company,/
notes/ business expert Fariborz Ghadar/ at Penn State University.//

FARIBORZ GHADAR:
"Google/ has to make/ a decision/
{whether/ they/ want to basically deviate/ from their vision mission statement/
{that/ they/ 'do/ no harm'/ and stay/ in China}.//
Or/ {whether/ they/ have just had enough/
and/ they/ don't like/ the restrictions,/
and/ they/ don't like/ the cyber attacks,/
and/ they/'re going to move out/ so as to preserve/ their name and brand.}"//

Online activity/ in China/ is closely watched/
and/ the government/ tries to limit/ access/ to many sites,/ including VOA.//

On Thursday/ a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman/ said/ {"China's Internet/ is/ open" }
and/ {that/ Chinese law/ bars/ cyber attacks}.//
Another government official/ said/
{China/ itself/ is/ the victim/ of (a growing number/ of foreign attacks)}.//

Secretary of State/ Hillary Clinton/ said/
{she/ would like/ an explanation/ from the Chinese/ about Google's accusations}.//
She/ is giving/ a speech/ next week/ about Internet freedom.//



■あとがき■

Google が中国から撤退を検討しているというニュースです。

中国に検閲があるのはもちろん知っていましたが、VOAすら対象になっているとは驚きでした。

Googleという会社も中国という国も、ともに我の強い組織というイメージがありますが、この争いで最終的に多大な被害を被るのはどうやら末端の一般中国市民のような気がします。お互いの歩み寄りを期待したいものです。
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2010-01-18

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